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Professor Kevin Gaston

Professor Kevin Gaston

Professor of Biodiversity and Conservation

 +44 (0) 1326 255795

 Environment and Sustainability Institute 2.01


Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn Campus, Penryn, Cornwall, TR10 9FE, UK


I lead basic, strategic and applied research in ecology and conservation biology, with particular emphases at present including common ecology, ecosystem goods and services, land use strategies, and urban ecology. I was founding Director of the Environment and Sustainability Institute from 2010–17.

You can view my Google Scholar account here.

You can find out more by watching a two-minute video of me explaining my work.

Kevin J Gaston- Environmental management from Kernowpods on Vimeo


1989 PhD Biology (University of York)
1986 BSc Zoology (University of Sheffield)


2011-2017  Director of the ESI, University of Exeter
2002-2011  Professor of Biodiversity and Conservation, University of Sheffield 
1995-2002  Royal Society University Research Fellow, University of Sheffield 
1994           Royal Society University Research Fellow, Imperial College 
1989-1994  Junior, Senior and Principal Research Fellow, The Natural History Museum

Research group links


Research interests

  • Common ecology
  • Ecosystem goods and services
  • Conservation biology
  • Urban ecology

Research projects

  • Mapping ecological risks from the colour spectrum of artifical nighttime lighting
  • Effects of artificial light on multitrophic population dynamics
  • Biodiversity accounting
  • South West Partnership for Environment & Economic Prosperity (SWEEP)
  • Environmental Growth for Business (EG4B)
  • Green Infrastructure for Growth (GI4G)


Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Publications by category

Journal articles

Robinson BS, Inger R, Gaston KJ (In Press). A rose by any other name: plant identification knowledge & socio-demographics. PLoS One Full text.
Bennie J, Davies TW, Cruse D, Inger R, Gaston K (In Press). Artificial Light at Night Causes Top-down and Bottom-up Trophic Effects on Invertebrate Populations. Journal of Applied Ecology Full text.
Sanders D, Kehoe R, Cruse D, Van Veen F, Gaston KJ (In Press). Low levels of artificial light at night strengthen top-down control in insect food web. Current Biology Full text.
Gaston KJ, Holt L (In Press). Nature, extent and ecological implications of night-time light from road vehicles. Journal of Applied Ecology Full text.
Gaston KJ (In Press). Nighttime ecology: the ‘nocturnal problem’ revisited. American Naturalist Full text.
Garrett J, Donald PF, Gaston KJ (In Press). Skyglow extends into the world’s Key Biodiversity Areas. Animal Conservation Full text.
Shanahan DF, Fuller RA, Bush R, Lin BB, Gaston KJ (In Press). The health benefits of urban nature: how much do we need?.  Full text.
Anderson K, Hancock S, Casalegno S, Griffiths A, Griffiths D, Sargent F, Macallum J, Cox DTC, Gaston KJ (In Press). Visualising the urban green volume: Exploring LiDAR voxels with tangible technologies and virtual models. Landscape and Urban Planning Abstract.  Full text.
(2018). Abundance, biomass and energy use of native and alien breeding birds in Britain. Biological Invasions, 1-11. Abstract.
(2018). Artificial light at night alters grassland vegetation species composition and phenology. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55(1), 442-450. Abstract.  Full text.
(2018). Artificial light at night as a driver of evolution across urban–rural landscapes. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 16(8), 472-479. Abstract.
Cox DTC, Hudson HL, Plummer KE, Siriwardena GM, Anderson K, Hancock S, Devine-Wright P, Gaston KJ (2018). Covariation in urban birds providing cultural services or disservices and people. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55(5), 2308-2319. Abstract.  Full text.
Soga M, Gaston KJ, Kubo T (2018). Cross-generational decline in childhood experiences of neighborhood flowering plants in Japan. Landscape and Urban Planning, 174, 55-62. Abstract.  Full text.
Correa-Cano ME, Goettsch B, Duffy JP, Bennie J, Inger R, Gaston KJ (2018). Erosion of natural darkness in the geographic ranges of cacti. Scientific Reports, 8(1). Abstract.
Goettsch B, Durán AP, Gaston KJ (2018). Global gap analysis of cactus species and priority sites for their conservation. Conserv Biol Abstract.  Author URL.
Sanders D, Gaston KJ (2018). How ecological communities respond to artificial light at night. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological and Integrative Physiology, 329(8-9), 394-400. Abstract.  Full text.
(2018). Human–nature interactions and the consequences and drivers of provisioning wildlife. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373(1745). Abstract.  Full text.
(2018). Is nature relatedness associated with better mental and physical health?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(7). Abstract.
Gaston KJ (2018). Lighting up the nighttime. Science, 362(6416), 744-746. Author URL.
(2018). Personalised Ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 33(12), 916-925. Abstract.  Full text.
Gaston KJ, Cox DTC, Canavelli SB, García D, Hughes B, Maas B, Martínez D, Ogada D, Inger R (2018). Population Abundance and Ecosystem Service Provision: the Case of Birds. BioScience, 68(4), 264-272. Abstract.  Full text.
Chettri N, Cook C, Day JC, Dearden P, Edwards M, Ferraro P, Foden W, Gambino R, Gaston KJ, Hayward N, et al (2018). Priorities for protected area research. Parks, 24(1), 35-50. Abstract.
(2018). Shifting baseline syndrome: causes, consequences, and implications. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 16(4), 222-230. Abstract.  Full text.
Kehoe RC, Cruse D, Sanders D, Gaston KJ, van Veen FJF (2018). Shifting daylength regimes associated with range shifts alter aphid-parasitoid community dynamics. Ecology and Evolution, 8(17), 8761-8769. Abstract.  Full text.
(2018). The impact of urbanisation on nature dose and the implications for human health. Landscape and Urban Planning, 179, 72-80. Abstract.  Full text.
(2018). UAVs and machine learning revolutionising invasive grass and vegetation surveys in remote arid lands. Sensors (Switzerland), 18(2). Abstract.  Full text.
(2018). UAVs, hyperspectral remote sensing, and machine learning revolutionizing reef monitoring. Sensors (Switzerland), 18(7). Abstract.
Sutherland WJ, Barnard P, Broad S, Clout M, Connor B, Côté IM, Dicks LV, Doran H, Entwistle AC, Fleishman E, et al (2017). A 2017 horizon scan of emerging issues for global conservation and biological diversity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 32(1), 31-40. Abstract.
Chown SL, Brooks CM, Terauds A, Le Bohec C, van Klaveren-Impagliazzo C, Whittington JD, Butchart SHM, Coetzee BWT, Collen B, Convey P, et al (2017). Antarctica and the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. PLoS Biology, 15(3). Full text.
Kyba CCM, Kuester T, Sanchez de Miguel A, Baugh K, Jechow A, Holker F, Bennie J, Elvidge CD, Gaston KJ, Guanter L, et al (2017). Artificially lit surface of Earth at night increasing in radiance and extent. Science Advances, 3 Full text.
(2017). Doses of nearby nature simultaneously associated with multiple health benefits. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(2). Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Doses of neighborhood nature: the benefits for mental health of living with nature. BioScience, 67(2), 147-155. Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Drivers of risk perceptions about the invasive non-native plant Japanese knotweed in domestic gardens. Biological Invasions, 19(10), 2927-2940. Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Ecological connectivity in the three-dimensional urban green volume using waveform airborne lidar. Scientific Reports, 7 Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Exposure of tropical ecosystems to artificial light at night: Brazil as a case study. PLoS ONE, 12(2). Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Gardening is beneficial for health: a meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine Reports, 5, 92-99. Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Health benefits of urban allotment gardening: Improved physical and psychological well-being and social integration. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(1). Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). How green is your garden?: Urban form and socio-demographic factors influence yard vegetation, visitation, and ecosystem service benefits. Landscape and Urban Planning, 157, 239-246. Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Impacts of Artificial Light at Night on Biological Timings. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 48, 49-68. Abstract.
Casalegno S, Anderson K, Hancock S, Gaston KJ (2017). Improving models of urban greenspace: from vegetation surface cover to volumetric survey, using waveform laser scanning. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 8(11), 1443-1452. Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Local adaptation of reproductive performance during thermal stress. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 30(2), 422-429. Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Measurement of fine-spatial-resolution 3D vegetation structure with airborne waveform lidar: Calibration and validation with voxelised terrestrial lidar. Remote Sensing of Environment, 188, 37-50. Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Multiple night-time light-emitting diode lighting strategies impact grassland invertebrate assemblages. Global Change Biology, 23(7), 2641-2648. Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). The Global Distribution and Drivers of Alien Bird Species Richness. PLoS Biology, 15(1). Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). The rarity of direct experiences of nature in an urban population. Landscape and Urban Planning, 160, 79-84. Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Variation in experiences of nature across gradients of tree cover in compact and sprawling cities. Landscape and Urban Planning, 157, 231-238. Abstract.  Full text.
(2017). Weeds on the web: conflicting management advice about an invasive non-native plant. Journal of Applied Ecology, 54(1), 178-187. Abstract.  Full text.
(2016). Both direct and vicarious experiences of nature affect children’s willingness to conserve biodiversity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(6). Abstract.
Collen B, Dulvy NK, Gaston KJ, Gärdenfors U, Keith DA, Punt AE, Regan HM, Böhm M, Hedges S, Seddon M, et al (2016). Clarifying misconceptions of extinction risk assessment with the IUCN Red List. Biol Lett, 12(4). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Bennie J, Davies TW, Cruse D, Gaston KJ (2016). Ecological effects of artificial light at night on wild plants. Journal of Ecology, 104(3), 611-620. Full text.
(2016). Ecological role of vertebrate scavengers in urban ecosystems in the UK. Ecology and Evolution, 6(19), 7015-7023. Abstract.  Full text.
(2016). Elevated soil CO<inf>2</inf>efflux at the boundaries between impervious surfaces and urban greenspaces. Atmospheric Environment, 141, 375-378. Abstract.
(2016). Extinction of experience: the loss of human-nature interactions. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14(2), 94-101. Abstract.
Butlin RK, Snook RR (2016). Gene expression clines reveal local adaptation and associated trade-offs at a continental scale. Scientific Reports, 6 Abstract.  Full text.
Dean J, Barber E, Fuller RA (2016). Health Benefits from Nature Experiences Depend on Dose. Scientific Reports, 6 Abstract.  Full text.
(2016). Is waveform worth it? a comparison of LiDAR approaches for vegetation and landscape characterization. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, 2(1), 5-15. Abstract.  Full text.
Per E, Cox DTC, Gaston KJ (2016). Key role in ecosystem functioning of scavengers reliant on a single common species. Scientific Reports, 6 Abstract.  Full text.
Rylatt M, Lomas K (2016). Measurement and analysis of household carbon: the case of a UK city. Applied Energy, 164, 871-881. Abstract.
Cox DTC, Inger R, Hancock S, Anderson K, Gaston KJ (2016). Movement of feeder-using songbirds: the influence of urban features. Scientific Reports, 6 Abstract.  Full text.
(2016). Soil surface temperatures reveal moderation of the urban heat island effect by trees and shrubs. Scientific Reports, 6 Abstract.
(2016). Stemming the Tide of Light Pollution Encroaching into Marine Protected Areas. Conservation Letters, 9(3), 164-171. Abstract.  Full text.
Shanahan DF, Franco L, Lin BB, Gaston KJ, Fuller RA (2016). The Benefits of Natural Environments for Physical Activity. Sports Med, 46(7), 989-995. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2016). The extent of shifts in vegetation phenology between rural and urban areas within a human-dominated region. Ecology and Evolution, 6(7), 1942-1953. Abstract.
(2016). Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and artificial intelligence revolutionizing wildlife monitoring and conservation. Sensors (Switzerland), 16(1). Abstract.
(2016). Urban bird feeding: Connecting people with nature. PLoS ONE, 11(7). Abstract.  Full text.
(2016). Urban residents' perceptions of neighbourhood nature: Does the extinction of experience matter?. Biological Conservation, 203, 143-150. Abstract.
Sanders D, Kehoe R, Tiley K, Bennie J, Cruse D, Davies TW, Frank van Veen FJ, Gaston KJ (2015). Artificial nighttime light changes aphid-parasitoid population dynamics. Sci Rep, 5 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Gaston KJ, Gaston S, Bennie J, Hopkins J (2015). Benefits and costs of artificial nighttime lighting of the environment. Environmental Reviews, 23(1), 14-23. Abstract.
Edmondson JL, Stott I, Potter J, Lopez-Capel E, Manning DAC, Gaston KJ, Leake JR (2015). Black Carbon Contribution to Organic Carbon Stocks in Urban Soil. Environ Sci Technol, 49(14), 8339-8346. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bennie J, Davies TW, Cruse D, Inger R, Gaston KJ (2015). Cascading effects of artificial light at night: resource-mediated control of herbivores in a grassland ecosystem. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 370(1667). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Inger R, Gregory R, Duffy JP, Stott I, Voříšek P, Gaston KJ (2015). Common European birds are declining rapidly while less abundant species' numbers are rising. Ecol Lett, 18(1), 28-36. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Kyba CCM, Tong KP, Bennie J, Birriel I, Birriel JJ, Cool A, Danielsen A, Davies TW, den Outer PN, Edwards W, et al (2015). Corrigendum: Worldwide variations in artificial skyglow. Sci Rep, 5 Author URL.
Bonnington C, Gaston KJ, Evans KL (2015). Ecological traps and behavioural adjustments of urban songbirds to fine-scale spatial variation in predator activity. Animal Conservation Abstract.
(2015). Emerging threats in urban ecosystems: a horizon scanning exercise. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 13(10), 553-560. Abstract.
(2015). Five Years of Experimental Warming Increases the Biodiversity and Productivity of Phytoplankton. PLoS Biology, 13(12). Abstract.  Full text.
Bennie J, Duffy JP, Davies TW, Correa-Cano ME, Gaston KJ (2015). Global trends in exposure to light pollution in natural terrestrial ecosystems. Remote Sensing, 7(3), 2715-2730. Abstract.  Full text.
Duarte De Barros WA, Durán R, Yancas LF, Felger RS, Fitz-Maurice B, Fitz-Maurice WA, Gann G, Gómez-Hinostrosa C, Gonzales-Torres LR, Patrick Griffith M, et al (2015). High proportion of cactus species threatened with extinction. Nature Plants, 1 Abstract.  Full text.
(2015). Historical influences on the current provision of multiple ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change, 31, 307-317. Abstract.  Full text.
(2015). Land sparing is crucial for urban ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 13(7), 387-393. Abstract.
Mitchell MGE, Suarez-Castro AF, Martinez-Harms M, Maron M, McAlpine C, Gaston KJ, Johansen K, Rhodes JR (2015). Landscape Fragmentation and Ecosystem Services: a Reply to Andrieu et al. Trends Ecol Evol, 30(11), 634-635. Author URL.
Cox DTC, Gaston KJ (2015). Likeability of Garden Birds: Importance of Species Knowledge & Richness in Connecting People to Nature. PLoS One, 10(11). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Chown SL, Gaston KJ (2015). Macrophysiology - progress and prospects. Functional Ecology Abstract.
Duffy JP, Bennie J, Durán AP, Gaston KJ (2015). Mammalian ranges are experiencing erosion of natural darkness. Sci Rep, 5 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Mchugh N, Edmondson JL, Gaston KJ, Leake JR, O'Sullivan OS (2015). Modelling short-rotation coppice and tree planting for urban carbon management - a citywide analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology Abstract.
Day J, Baker J, Schofield H, Mathews F, Gaston KJ (2015). Part-night lighting: Implications for bat conservation. Animal Conservation Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Duffy JP, Bennie J (2015). Quantifying the erosion of natural darkness in the global protected area system. Conserv Biol, 29(4), 1132-1141. Abstract.  Author URL.
Shoji Y, Kubo T, Gaston KJ (2015). Reducing the extinction of experience: Association between urban form and recreational use of public greenspace. Landscape and Urban Planning, 143, 69-75. Abstract.  Full text.
Mitchell MGE, Suarez-Castro AF, Martinez-Harms M, Maron M, McAlpine C, Gaston KJ, Johansen K, Rhodes JR (2015). Reframing landscape fragmentation's effects on ecosystem services. Trends Ecol Evol, 30(4), 190-198. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
(2015). Soil and the city. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 13(5).
Durán AP, Inger R, Cantú-Salazar L, Gaston KJ (2015). Species richness representation within protected areas is associated with multiple interacting spatial features. Diversity and Distributions Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Visser ME, Hölker F (2015). The biological impacts of artificial light at night: the research challenge. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 370(1667). Author URL.
(2015). The environmental genomics of metazoan thermal adaptation. Heredity, 114(5), 502-514. Abstract.
Porcelli D, Butlin RK, Gaston KJ, Joly D, Snook RR (2015). The environmental genomics of metazoan thermal adaptation. Heredity (Edinb), 114(5), 502-514. Abstract.  Author URL.
Gómez P, Bennie J, Gaston KJ, Buckling A (2015). The impact of resource availability on bacterial resistance to phages in soil. PLoS One, 10(4). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Shanahan DF, Lin BB, Bush R, Gaston KJ, Dean JH, Barber E, Fuller RA (2015). Toward improved public health outcomes from urban nature. Am J Public Health, 105(3), 470-477. Abstract.  Author URL.
Disney M, Mark Danson F, Strahler A, Schaaf C, Anderson K, Gaston KJ (2015). Waveform lidar over vegetation: an evaluation of inversion methods for estimating return energy. Remote Sensing of Environment, 164, 208-224. Abstract.  Full text.
Kyba CCM, Tong KP, Bennie J, Birriel I, Birriel JJ, Cool A, Danielsen A, Davies TW, Outer PND, Edwards W, et al (2015). Worldwide variations in artificial skyglow. Sci Rep, 5 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
(2014). 110 Years of change in urban tree stocks and associated carbon storage. Ecology and Evolution, 4(8), 1413-1422. Abstract.
(2014). Assessing the potential for Grey Squirrels Sciurus carolinensis to compete with birds at supplementary feeding stations. Ibis, 156(1), 220-226. Abstract.
Bennie JJ, Duffy JP, Inger R, Gaston KJ (2014). Biogeography of time partitioning in mammals. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 111(38), 13727-13732. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Bennie J, Davies TW, Duffy JP, Inger R, Gaston KJ (2014). Contrasting trends in light pollution across Europe based on satellite observed night time lights. Sci Rep, 4 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
(2014). Demographic effects of artificial nighttime lighting on animal populations. Environmental Reviews, 22(4), 323-330. Abstract.
Durán AP, Duffy JP, Gaston KJ (2014). Exclusion of agricultural lands in spatial conservation prioritization strategies: consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem service representation. Proc Biol Sci, 281(1792). Abstract.  Author URL.
Gaston KJ, Duffy JP, Gaston S, Bennie J, Davies TW (2014). Human alteration of natural light cycles: causes and ecological consequences. Oecologia, 176(4), 917-931. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Soga M, Yamaura Y, Koike S, Gaston KJ (2014). Land sharing vs. land sparing: Does the compact city reconcile urban development and biodiversity conservation?. Journal of Applied Ecology
Edmondson JL, Davies ZG, McCormack SA, Gaston KJ, Leake JR (2014). Land-cover effects on soil organic carbon stocks in a European city. Sci Total Environ, 472, 444-453. Abstract.  Author URL.
Coetzee BWT, Gaston KJ, Chown SL (2014). Local scale comparisons of biodiversity as a test for global protected area ecological performance: a meta-analysis. PLoS One, 9(8). Abstract.  Author URL.
(2014). Mapping artificial lightscapes for ecological studies. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 5(6), 534-540. Abstract.
Lin BB, Fuller RA, Bush R, Gaston KJ, Shanahan DF (2014). Opportunity or orientation? Who uses urban parks and why. PLoS One, 9(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Inger R, Bennie J, Davies TW, Gaston KJ (2014). Potential biological and ecological effects of flickering artificial light. PLoS One, 9(5). Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Warren PH, Maltby L, Gaston KJ, Armsworth PR (2014). Quantifying preferences for the natural world using monetary and nonmonetary assessments of value. Conservation Biology, 28(2), 404-413. Abstract.
(2014). Reducing the impacts of artificial light. British Wildlife, 25(5), 332-339.
Casalegno S, Bennie JJ, Inger R, Gaston KJ (2014). Regional scale prioritisation for key ecosystem services, renewable energy production and urban development. PLoS One, 9(9). Abstract.  Author URL.
Bonnington C, Gaston KJ, Evans KL (2014). Relative roles of grey squirrels, supplementary feeding, and habitat in shaping urban bird assemblages. PLoS One, 9(10). Abstract.  Author URL.
(2014). Socio-economic inequalities in access to nature on public and private lands: a case study from Brisbane, Australia. Landscape and Urban Planning, 130(1), 14-23. Abstract.
(2014). Squirrels in suburbia: Influence of urbanisation on the occurrence and distribution of a common exotic mammal. Urban Ecosystems, 17(2), 533-546. Abstract.
(2014). The nature, extent, and ecological implications of marine light pollution. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 12(6), 347-355. Abstract.  Full text.
Edmondson JL, Davies ZG, Gaston KJ, Leake JR (2014). Urban cultivation in allotments maintains soil qualities adversely affected by conventional agriculture. Journal of Applied Ecology
Edmondson JL, O'Sullivan OS, Inger R, Potter J, McHugh N, Gaston KJ, Leake JR (2014). Urban tree effects on soil organic carbon. PLoS One, 9(7). Abstract.  Author URL.
Shanahan DF, Lin BB, Gaston KJ, Bush R, Fuller RA (2014). What is the role of trees and remnant vegetation in attracting people to urban parks?. Landscape Ecology
Dallimer M, Davies ZG, Irvine KN, Maltby L, Warren PH, Gaston KJ, Armsworth PR (2014). What personal and environmental factors determine frequency of urban greenspace use?. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 11(8), 7977-7992. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2014). Woodland remnants as an urban wildlife refuge: a cross-taxonomic assessment. Biodiversity and Conservation, 23(3), 649-659. Abstract.
Davies TW, Bennie J, Inger R, Gaston KJ (2013). Artificial light alters natural regimes of night-time sky brightness. Sci Rep, 3 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Davies TW, Bennie J, Inger R, de Ibarra NH, Gaston KJ (2013). Artificial light pollution: are shifting spectral signatures changing the balance of species interactions?. Glob Chang Biol, 19(5), 1417-1423. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mueller JC, Partecke J, Hatchwell BJ, Gaston KJ, Evans KL (2013). Candidate gene polymorphisms for behavioural adaptations during urbanization in blackbirds. Molecular Ecology
Mueller JC, Partecke J, Hatchwell BJ, Gaston KJ, Evans KL (2013). Candidate gene polymorphisms for behavioural adaptations during urbanization in blackbirds. Molecular Ecology, 22(13), 3629-3637. Abstract.
(2013). Changing spatial patterns of conservation investment by a major land trust. Biological Conservation, 161, 223-229. Abstract.
Armsworth PR (2013). Conservation when landowners have bargaining power: Continuous conservation investments and cost uncertainty. Ecological Economics, 93, 69-78. Abstract.
(2013). Fearing the feline: Domestic cats reduce avian fecundity through trait-mediated indirect effects that increase nest predation by other species. Journal of Applied Ecology, 50(1), 15-24. Abstract.
(2013). Global spatial coincidence between protected areas and metal mining activities. Biological Conservation, 160, 272-278. Abstract.
(2013). Identifying potential sources of variability between vegetation carbon storage estimates for urban areas. Environmental Pollution, 183, 133-142. Abstract.
Anderson K, Gaston KJ (2013). Lightweight unmanned aerial vehicles will revolutionize spatial ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 11(3), 138-146. Abstract.  Full text.
(2013). Managing urban ecosystems for goods and services. Journal of Applied Ecology, 50(4), 830-840. Abstract.
Dornelas M, Magurran AE, Buckland ST, Chao A, Chazdon RL, Colwell RK, Curtis T, Gaston KJ, Gotelli NJ, Kosnik MA, et al (2013). Quantifying temporal change in biodiversity: challenges and opportunities. Proceedings. Biological sciences / the Royal Society, 280(1750). Abstract.
Dornelas M, Magurran AE, Buckland ST, Chao A, Chazdon RL, Colwell RK, Curtis T, Gaston KJ, Gotelli NJ, Kosnik MA, et al (2013). Quantifying temporal change in biodiversity: challenges and opportunities. Proc Biol Sci, 280(1750). Abstract.  Author URL.
Gaston KJ, Avila-Jimenez ML, Edmondson JL (2013). REVIEW: Managing urban ecosystems for goods and services. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY, 50(4), 830-840. Author URL.
Thomas CD, Anderson BJ, Moilanen A, Eigenbrod F, Heinemeyer A, Quaife T, Roy DB, Gillings S, Armsworth PR, Gaston KJ, et al (2013). Reconciling biodiversity and carbon conservation. Ecology Letters, 16(SUPPL.1), 39-47. Abstract.
Durán AP, Casalegno S, Marquet PA, Gaston KJ (2013). Representation of ecosystem services by terrestrial protected areas: Chile as a case study. PLoS One, 8(12). Abstract.  Author URL.
Casalegno S, Inger R, Desilvey C, Gaston KJ (2013). Spatial covariance between aesthetic value & other ecosystem services. PLoS One, 8(6). Abstract.  Author URL.
Cantú-Salazar L, Gaston KJ (2013). Species richness and representation in protected areas of the Western hemisphere: Discrepancies between checklists and range maps. Diversity and Distributions, 19(7), 782-793. Abstract.
(2013). Species turnover and geographic distance in an urban river network. Diversity and Distributions, 19(11), 1429-1439. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (2013). Sustainability: a green light for efficiency. Nature, 497(7451), 560-561. Author URL.
(2013). The ecological impacts of nighttime light pollution: a mechanistic appraisal. Biological Reviews, 88(4), 912-927. Abstract.
(2013). The performance of the global protected area system in capturing vertebrate geographic ranges. Biodiversity and Conservation, 22(4), 1033-1047. Abstract.
Irvine KN, Warber SL, Devine-Wright P, Gaston KJ (2013). Understanding Urban Green Space as a Health Resource: a Qualitative Comparison of Visit Motivation and Derived Effects among Park Users in Sheffield, UK. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 10(1), 417-442. Author URL.
Blanc J, Vis MJP, Gaston KJ, Hamilton ID (2013). Understanding spatial differences in African elephant densities and occurrence, a continent-wide analysis. Biological Conservation, 159, 468-476. Abstract.
(2013). What are the benefits of interacting with nature?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(3), 913-935. Abstract.
Armsworth PR, Gaston KJ (2012). Biodiversity and the feel-good factor: Understanding associations between self-reported human well-being and species richness. BioScience, 62(1), 47-55. Abstract.
(2012). Characterizing abundance-occupancy relationships: There is no artefact. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21(9), 952-957. Abstract.
(2012). Colonisation of urban environments is associated with reduced migratory behaviour, facilitating divergence from ancestral populations. Oikos, 121(4), 634-640. Abstract.
(2012). Contrasting patterns in species richness of birds, butterflies and plants along riparian corridors in an urban landscape. Diversity and Distributions, 18(8), 742-753. Abstract.
(2012). Ecology: the importance of being rare. Nature, 487(7405), 46-47.
(2012). Emergence of structural patterns in neutral trophic networks. PLoS ONE, 7(8). Abstract.
Armsworth PR (2012). Farm-scale ecological and economic impacts of agricultural change in the uplands. Land Use Policy, 29(3), 587-597. Abstract.
Mohhamot A, Guo Z, Liu Y, Gaston KJ (2012). Geography, Environment, and spatial turnover of species in China's grasslands. Ecography, 35(12), 1103-1109. Abstract.
Sandel B, Arge L, Dalsgaard B, Davies RG, Gaston KJ, Sutherland WJ, Svenning J-C (2012). Global Endemism Needs Spatial Integration Response. SCIENCE, 335(6066), 285-286. Author URL.
Gaston KJ (2012). Household factors influencing participation in bird feeding activity: a national scale analysis. PLoS ONE, 7(6). Abstract.
(2012). Multiple habitat associations: the role of offsite habitat in determining onsite avian density and species richness. Ecography, 35(2), 134-145. Abstract.
Edmondson JL, Davies ZG, McHugh N, Gaston KJ, Leake JR (2012). Organic carbon hidden in urban ecosystems. Sci Rep, 2 Abstract.  Author URL.
(2012). Patterns of plant beta-diversity along elevational and latitudinal gradients in mountain forests of China. Ecography, 35(12), 1083-1091. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Davies TW, Bennie J, Hopkins J (2012). Reducing the ecological consequences of night-time light pollution: options and developments. J Appl Ecol, 49(6), 1256-1266. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text.
Dalsgaard B, Davies RG, Gaston KJ, Sutherland WJ, Svenning JC (2012). Response - Global endemism needs spatial integration. Science, 335(6066), 285-286.
Davies TW, Bennie J, Gaston KJ (2012). Street lighting changes the composition of invertebrate communities. Biol Lett, 8(5), 764-767. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2012). The Fynbos and Succulent Karoo biomes do not have exceptional local ant richness. PLoS ONE, 7(3). Abstract.
(2012). The cost of policy simplification in conservation incentive programs. Ecology Letters, 15(5), 406-414. Abstract.
(2012). The influence of fire on phylogenetic and functional structure of woody savannas: Moving from species to individuals. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 14(3), 205-216. Abstract.
Leaver N, Gaston KJ (2012). The size, concentration and growth of biodiversity-conservation nonprofits. BioScience, 62(3), 271-281. Abstract.
Edmondson JL, Davies ZG, McCormack SA, Gaston KJ, Leake JR (2011). Are soils in urban ecosystems compacted? a citywide analysis. Biol Lett, 7(5), 771-774. Abstract.  Author URL.
Thomas CD (2011). Balancing alternative land uses in conservation prioritization. Ecological Applications, 21(5), 1419-1426. Abstract.
(2011). Common ecology. BioScience, 61(5), 354-362. Abstract.
(2011). Designing a carbon capture function into urban soils. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning, 164(2), 121-128. Abstract.
(2011). Effectiveness of protected areas in maintaining plant production. PLoS ONE, 6(4). Abstract.
Marini L, Bona E, Kunin WE, Gaston KJ (2011). Exploring anthropogenic and natural processes shaping fern species richness along elevational gradients. Journal of Biogeography, 38(1), 78-88. Abstract.
Ferse SCA, Friedlander AM, Gaston KJ, Gough C, Graham NAJ, Green A, Guzman H, Hardt M, Kulbicki M, Letourneur Y, et al (2011). Global human footprint on the linkage between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in reef fishes. PLoS Biology, 9(4). Abstract.  Full text.
(2011). Intraspecific body size frequency distributions of insects. PLoS ONE, 6(3). Abstract.
Edmondson JL, Heinemeyer A, Leake JR, Gaston KJ (2011). Mapping an urban ecosystem service: Quantifying above-ground carbon storage at a city-wide scale. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48(5), 1125-1134. Abstract.
(2011). Selection of priority areas for arthropod conservation in the Azores archipelago. Journal of Insect Conservation, 15(5), 671-684. Abstract.
(2011). Spatial covariation between freshwater and terrestrial ecosystem services. Ecological Applications, 21(6), 2034-2048. Abstract.
Dallimer M, Tang Z, Bibby PR, Brindley P, Gaston KJ, Davies ZG (2011). Temporal changes in greenspace in a highly urbanized region. Biol Lett, 7(5), 763-766. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2011). The SAFE index is not safe. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9(9), 485-486.
(2011). The ecological effectiveness of protected areas: a case study for South African birds. Animal Conservation, 14(3), 295-305. Abstract.
Eigenbrod F, Bell VA, Davies HN, Heinemeyer A, Armsworth PR, Gaston KJ (2011). The impact of projected increases in urbanization on ecosystem services. Proc Biol Sci, 278(1722), 3201-3208. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2011). The influence of late quaternary climate-change velocity on species endemism. Science, 334(6056), 660-664. Abstract.
Anderson BJ, Thomas CD, Gaston KJ (2011). The influence of temporal variation on relationships between ecosystem services. Biodiversity and Conservation, 20(14), 3285-3294. Abstract.
(2011). The value of species rarity in biodiversity recreation: a birdwatching example. Biological Conservation, 144(11), 2728-2732. Abstract.
(2011). What makes an urban bird?. Global Change Biology, 17(1), 32-44. Abstract.
Evans KL, Hatchwell BJ, Parnell M, Gaston KJ (2010). A conceptual framework for the colonisation of urban areas: the blackbird Turdus merula as a case study. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc, 85(3), 643-667. Abstract.  Author URL.
Gaston KJ (2010). Agricultural land-use in the surrounding landscape affects moorland bird diversity. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 139(4), 578-583. Abstract.
(2010). Ambient, productive and wind energy, and ocean extent predict global species richness of procellariiform seabirds. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 19(1), 98-110. Abstract.
Gaspar C, Gaston KJ, Borges PAV (2010). Arthropods as surrogates of diversity at different spatial scales. Biological Conservation, 143(5), 1287-1294. Abstract.
(2010). Body size variation in insects: a macroecological perspective. Biological Reviews, 85(1), 139-169. Abstract.
(2010). Changes in non-randomness in the expanding introduced avifauna of the world. Ecography, 33(1), 168-174. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (2010). Error propagation associated with benefits transfer-based mapping of ecosystem services. Biological Conservation, 143(11), 2487-2493. Abstract.
Dallimer M, Gaston KJ, Skinner AMJ, Hanley N, Acs S, Armsworth PR (2010). Field-level bird abundances are enhanced by landscape-scale agri-environment scheme uptake. Biol Lett, 6(5), 643-646. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2010). Population responses within a landscape matrix: a macrophysiological approach to understanding climate change impacts. Evolutionary Ecology, 24(3), 601-616. Abstract.
(2010). Realizing a synergy between research and education: How participation in ant monitoring helps raise biodiversity awareness in a resource-poor country. Journal of Insect Conservation, 14(1), 19-30. Abstract.
(2010). Representation of ecosystem services by tiered conservation strategies. Conservation Letters, 3(3), 184-191. Abstract.
(2010). Species specific connectivity in reserve-network design using graphs. Biological Conservation, 143(2), 408-415. Abstract.
Fandrich V, Foote M, Gaston KJ, Gardiner P, Hess T, Hopkins J, Horsley N, Leaver N, Maynard T, Shannon D, et al (2010). The ecological research needs of business. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47(2), 235-243. Abstract.
(2010). The effect of decoupling on marginal agricultural systems: Implications for farm incomes, land use and upland ecology. Land Use Policy, 27(2), 550-563. Abstract.
Thomas CD, Gaston KJ (2010). The impact of proxy-based methods on mapping the distribution of ecosystem services. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47(2), 377-385. Abstract.
(2010). Urban domestic gardens (XIII): Composition of the bryophyte and lichen floras, and determinants of species richness. Biological Conservation, 143(4), 873-882. Abstract.
(2010). Valuing common species. Science, 327(5962), 154-155. Abstract.
(2010). Very large protected areas and their contribution to terrestrial biological conservation. BioScience, 60(10), 808-818. Abstract.
(2010). Who benefits from recreational use of protected areas?. Ecology and Society, 15(3). Abstract.
(2009). 100 years of change: Examining agricultural trends, habitat change and stakeholder perceptions through the 20th century. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46(2), 334-343. Abstract.
Davies ZG, Fuller RA, Loram A, Irvine KN, Sims V, Gaston KJ (2009). A national scale inventory of resource provision for biodiversity within domestic gardens. Biological Conservation, 142(4), 761-771. Abstract.
(2009). Agricultural management, vegetation traits and landscape drive orthopteran and butterfly diversity in a grassland-forest mosaic: a multi-scale approach. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 2(3), 213-220. Abstract.
(2009). Avian productivity in urban landscapes: a review and meta-analysis. Ibis, 151(1), 1-18. Abstract.
Gardiner B, Gaston KJ, Charles H, Godfrey J, Green RE, Harvey PH, House B, Knapp S, Kümpel NF, Macdonald DW, et al (2009). Biodiversity conservation and the millennium development goals. Science, 325(5947), 1502-1503. Abstract.
Simeoni M, Dawson DA, Gentle LK, Coiffait L, Wolff K, Evans KL, Gaston KJ, Hatchwell BJ (2009). Characterization of 38 microsatellite loci in the European blackbird, Turdus merula (Turdidae, AVES). Mol Ecol Resour, 9(6), 1520-1526. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2009). Contrasting approaches to statistical regression in ecology and economics: FORUM. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46(2), 265-268. Abstract.
(2009). Contrasting response of native and alien plant species richness to environmental energy and human impact along alpine elevation gradients. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 18(6), 652-661. Abstract.
(2009). Dendrograms and measures of functional diversity: a second instalment. Oikos, 118(7), 1118-1120.
Eigenbrod F, Anderson BJ, Armsworth PR, Heinemeyer A, Jackson SF, Parnell M, Thomas CD, Gaston KJ (2009). Ecosystem service benefits of contrasting conservation strategies in a human-dominated region. Proc Biol Sci, 276(1669), 2903-2911. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2009). Effects of urbanisation on disease prevalence and age structure in blackbird Turdus merula populations. Oikos, 118(5), 774-782. Abstract.
(2009). Effects on ecosystem resilience of biodiversity, extinctions, and the structure of regional species pools. Theoretical Ecology, 2(3), 177-187. Abstract.
(2009). Geographic range limits of species. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276(1661), 1391-1393. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (2009). Geographic range limits: Achieving synthesis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276(1661), 1395-1406. Abstract.
(2009). Global biogeography and ecology of body size in birds. Ecology Letters, 12(3), 249-259. Abstract.
Devine-Wright P, Irvine K, Payne S, Fuller R, Painter B, Gaston K (2009). Green space, soundscape and urban sustainability: an interdisciplinary,empirical study. Local Environment, 14(2), 155-172. Abstract.
(2009). Habitat influences on urban avian assemblages. Ibis, 151(1), 19-39. Abstract.
(2009). How many birds are there in a city of half a million people?. Diversity and Distributions, 15(2), 328-337. Abstract.
(2009). Impact of farm size and topography on plant and insect diversity of managed grasslands in the Alps. Biological Conservation, 142(2), 394-403. Abstract.
(2009). Including intraspecific variability in functional diversity. Ecology, 90(1), 81-89. Abstract.
Evans KL, Gaston KJ, Frantz AC, Simeoni M, Sharp SP, McGowan A, Dawson DA, Walasz K, Partecke J, Burke T, et al (2009). Independent colonization of multiple urban centres by a formerly forest specialist bird species. Proc Biol Sci, 276(1666), 2403-2410. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2009). Invariance in species-abundance distributions. Theoretical Ecology, 2(2), 89-103. Abstract.
(2009). Latitudinal and seasonal patterns in clutch size of some single-brooded British birds. Bird Study, 56(1), 75-85. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Chown SL, Calosi P, Bernardo J, Bilton DT, Clarke A, Clusella-Trullas S, Ghalambor CK, Konarzewski M, Peck LS, et al (2009). Macrophysiology: a conceptual reunification. Am Nat, 174(5), 595-612. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2009). Management effectiveness of the world's marine fisheries. PLoS Biology, 7(6). Abstract.
(2009). Public understanding of protected area designation. Biological Conservation, 142(12), 3196-3200. Abstract.
(2009). Rarity, commonness, and the contribution of individual species to species richness patterns. American Naturalist, 174(1), 82-93. Abstract.
(2009). Relationship between distributions of threatened plants and protected areas in Britain. Biological Conservation, 142(7), 1515-1522. Abstract.
(2009). Reply to Bode and Murdoch: a proper integration of species-area relationship uncertainties into return on investment analyses is needed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(7).
Marini L, Fontana P, Battisti A, Gaston KJ (2009). Response of orthopteran diversity to abandonment of semi-natural meadows. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 132(3-4), 232-236. Abstract.
(2009). Sometimes the obvious answer is the right one: a response to 'Missing the rarest: is the positive interspecific abundance-distribution relationship a truly general macroecological pattern?'. Biology Letters, 5(6), 777-778.
(2009). Spatial covariance between biodiversity and other ecosystem service priorities. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46(4), 888-896. Abstract.
(2009). Species abundance distribution results from a spatial analogy of central limit theorem. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(16), 6691-6695. Abstract.  Full text.
Fishburn IS, Kareiva P, Gaston KJ, Evans KL, Armsworth PR (2009). State-level variation in conservation investment by a major nongovernmental organization. CONSERVATION LETTERS, 2(2), 74-81. Author URL.
(2009). Statutory protected areas and avian species richness in Britain. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18(8), 2143-2151. Abstract.
(2009). The biogeography of avian extinctions on oceanic islands revisited. Journal of Biogeography, 36(8), 1613-1614. Abstract.
(2009). The effect of urbanisation on avian morphology and latitudinal gradients in body size. Oikos, 118(2), 251-259. Abstract.
Fishburn IS, Kareiva P, Gaston KJ, Armsworth PR (2009). The growth of easements as a conservation tool. PLoS One, 4(3). Abstract.  Author URL.
(2009). The scaling of green space coverage in European cities. Biology Letters, 5(3), 352-355. Abstract.
(2009). The sizes of species' geographic ranges. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46(1), 1-9. Abstract.
(2009). What explains property-level variation in avian diversity? an inter-disciplinary approach. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46(3), 647-656. Abstract.
(2008). Avian assemblage structure and domestic cat densities in urban environments. Diversity and Distributions, 14(2), 387-399. Abstract.
(2008). Biodiversity and extinction: the dynamics of geographic range size. Progress in Physical Geography, 32(6), 678-683.
(2008). Biodiversity and extinction: the importance of being common. Progress in Physical Geography, 32(1), 73-79.
Gaston KJ (2008). Bliodiversity and extinction: the importance of being common. PROGRESS IN PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY, 32(1), 73-79. Author URL.
(2008). City-wide relationships between green spaces, urban land use and topography. Urban Ecosystems, 11(3), 269-287. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Fuller RA (2008). Commonness, population depletion and conservation biology. Trends Ecol Evol, 23(1), 14-19. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2008). Ecogeographical rules: Elements of a synthesis. Journal of Biogeography, 35(3), 483-500. Abstract.
(2008). Environmental factors, regional body size distributions and spatial variation in body size of local avian assemblages. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 17(4), 514-523. Abstract.
Dulvy NK, Dusic NR, Freckleton RP, Gaston KJ, Gilder PM, Green RE, Heathwaite AL, Johnson SM, MacDonald DW, Mitchell R, et al (2008). Future novel threats and opportunities facing UK biodiversity identified by horizon scanning. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45(3), 821-833. Abstract.
(2008). Garden bird feeding predicts the structure of urban avian assemblages. Diversity and Distributions, 14(1), 131-137. Abstract.
Jackson SF, Gaston KJ (2008). Incorporating private lands in conservation planning: protected areas in Britain. Ecol Appl, 18(4), 1050-1060. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2008). Land use change and the dependence of national priority species on protected areas. Global Change Biology, 14(9), 2132-2138. Abstract.
(2008). Macrophysiology for a changing world. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 275(1642), 1469-1478. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Jackson SF, Nagy A, Cantú-Salazar L, Johnson M (2008). Protected areas in Europe: principle and practice. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1134, 97-119. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2008). Quantification of extinction risk: IUCN's system for classifying threatened species. Conservation Biology, 22(6), 1424-1442. Abstract.
Owens IPF, Blackburn TM (2008). Regional variation in the historical components of global avian species richness. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 17(3), 340-351. Abstract.
Evans KL, Newson SE, Storch D, Greenwood JJD, Gaston KJ (2008). Spatial scale, abundance and the species-energy relationship in British birds. J Anim Ecol, 77(2), 395-405. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2008). Sympatric speciation in birds is rare: Insights from range data and simulations. American Naturalist, 171(5), 646-657. Abstract.
Guilhaumon F, Gimenez O, Gaston KJ, Mouillot D (2008). Taxonomic and regional uncertainty in species-area relationships and the identification of richness hotspots. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(40), 15458-15463. Abstract.  Full text.
(2008). The ecological performance of protected areas. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 39, 93-113. Abstract.
(2008). The quest for a null model for macroecological patterns: Geometry of species distributions at multiple spatial scales. Ecology Letters, 11(8), 771-784. Abstract.
(2008). The unpredictability of favourability: Condition assessment and protected areas in England. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17(4), 749-764. Abstract.
(2008). Threats to avifauna on oceanic islands revisited. Conservation Biology, 22(2), 492-494.
(2008). Urban domestic gardens (XII): the richness and composition of the flora in five UK cities. Journal of Vegetation Science, 19(3), 321-330. Abstract.
Loram A, Warren PH, Gaston KJ (2008). Urban domestic gardens (XIV): the characteristics of gardens in five cities. Environ Manage, 42(3), 361-376. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2008). Use of distance sampling to improve estimates of national population sizes for common and widespread breeding birds in the UK. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45(5), 1330-1338. Abstract.
(2007). Biodiversity and extinction: Losing the common and the widespread. Progress in Physical Geography, 31(2), 213-225.
Owens IPF (2007). Biogeographical basis of recent phenotypic divergence among birds: a global study of subspecies richness. Evolution, 61(4), 942-957. Abstract.
(2007). Bird densities are associated with household densities. Global Change Biology, 13(8), 1685-1695. Abstract.
Fuller RA, Warren PH, Gaston KJ (2007). Daytime noise predicts nocturnal singing in urban robins. Biol Lett, 3(4), 368-370. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2007). Dendrograms and measuring functional diversity. Oikos, 116(8), 1422-1426. Abstract.
Grenyer R, Orme CDL, Davies TJ, Jackson SF, Davies RG, Olson VA, Jones KE, Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM, Thomas GH, et al (2007). Effective global conservation strategies - Reply. NATURE, 450(7171), E20-E20. Author URL.
(2007). Environmental predictors of global parrot (Aves: Psittaciformes) species richness and phylogenetic diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16(2), 220-233. Abstract.
He F, Gaston KJ (2007). Estimating abundance from occurrence: an underdetermined problem. American Naturalist, 170(4), 655-659.
(2007). Ethnobotany and the first printed records of British flowering plants. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16(1), 103-108. Abstract.
(2007). Geographical range size heritability: What do neutral models with different modes of speciation predict?. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16(3), 367-380. Abstract.
Grenyer R, Orme CDL, Davies TJ, Jackson SF, Davies RG, Olson VA, Jones KE, Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM, Thomas GH, et al (2007). Grenyer et al. reply. Nature, 450(7171).
Loram A, Smith RM, Thompson K, Warren PH (2007). Improving the contribution of urban gardens for wildlife: Some guiding propositions. British Wildlife, 18(3), 171-177.
Gaston KJ (2007). Latitudinal gradient in species richness. Curr Biol, 17(15). Author URL.
(2007). Living on the edge: British and Irish woodland birds in a European context. Ibis, 149(SUPPL. 2), 53-63. Abstract.
Petchey OL, Evans KL, Fishburn IS, Gaston KJ (2007). Low functional diversity and no redundancy in British avian assemblages. J Anim Ecol, 76(5), 977-985. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bebber DP, Marriott FHC, Gaston KJ, Harris SA, Scotland RW (2007). Predicting unknown species numbers using discovery curves. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 274(1618), 1651-1658. Abstract.
Fuller RA, Irvine KN, Devine-Wright P, Warren PH, Gaston KJ (2007). Psychological benefits of greenspace increase with biodiversity. Biol Lett, 3(4), 390-394. Abstract.  Author URL.
Evans KL, Lennon JJ, Gaston KJ (2007). Slopes of Avian Species-Area Relationships, Human Population Density, and Environmental Factors. AVIAN CONSERVATION AND ECOLOGY, 2(2). Author URL.
Gaston KJ, Davies RG, Orme CDL, Olson VA, Thomas GH, Ding T-S, Rasmussen PC, Lennon JJ, Bennett PM, Owens IPF, et al (2007). Spatial turnover in the global avifauna. Proc Biol Sci, 274(1618), 1567-1574. Abstract.  Author URL.
Evans KL, Greenwood JJD, Gaston KJ (2007). The positive correlation between avian species richness and human population density in Britain is not attributable to sampling bias. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16(3), 300-304. Abstract.
Davies RG, Orme CDL, Storch D, Olson VA, Thomas GH, Ross SG, Ding T-S, Rasmussen PC, Bennett PM, Owens IPF, et al (2007). Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness. Proc Biol Sci, 274(1614), 1189-1197. Abstract.  Author URL.
Beckerman AP, Boots M, Gaston KJ (2007). Urban bird declines and the fear of cats. ANIMAL CONSERVATION, 10(3), 320-325. Author URL.
(2007). Urban domestic gardens (X): the extent &amp; structure of the resource in five major cities. Landscape Ecology, 22(4), 601-615. Abstract.
(2007). Urban domestic gardens (XI): Variation in urban wildlife gardening in the United Kingdom. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16(11), 3227-3238. Abstract.
(2007). Urban form, biodiversity potential and ecosystem services. Landscape and Urban Planning, 83(4), 308-317. Abstract.
(2007). Who benefits from access to green space? a case study from Sheffield, UK. Landscape and Urban Planning, 83(2-3), 187-195. Abstract.
(2006). A test of the mechanisms behind avian generalized individuals-area relationships. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15(3), 303-317. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Borges PAV, He F, Gaspar C (2006). Abundance, spatial variance and occupancy: arthropod species distribution in the Azores. J Anim Ecol, 75(3), 646-656. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2006). Abundance, species richness and energy availability in the North American avifauna. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15(4), 372-385. Abstract.
(2006). Biodiversity and extinction: Macroecological patterns and people. Progress in Physical Geography, 30(2), 258-269.
Clarke A, Gaston KJ (2006). Climate, energy and diversity. Proc Biol Sci, 273(1599), 2257-2266. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2006). Coincident scales of forest feedback on climate and conservation in a diversity hot spot. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 273(1587), 757-765. Abstract.
(2006). Conservatism of host specificity in parasites. Ecography, 29(4), 596-602. Abstract.
(2006). Coral reefs and the global network of marine protected areas. Science, 312(5781), 1750-1751. Abstract.
Storch D, Davies RG, Zajíček S, Orme CDL, Olson V, Thomas GH, Ding TS, Rasmussen PC, Ridgely RS, Bennett PM, et al (2006). Energy, range dynamics and global species richness patterns: Reconciling mid-domain effects and environmental determinants of avian diversity. Ecology Letters, 9(12), 1308-1320. Abstract.
Petchey OL, Gaston KJ (2006). Functional diversity: back to basics and looking forward. Ecol Lett, 9(6), 741-758. Abstract.  Author URL.
Olson VA, Ridgely RS, Rasmussen PC, Ding TS, Bennett PM, Blackburn TM, Gaston KJ, Gittleman JL, Owens IPF (2006). Global distribution and conservation of rare and threatened vertebrates. Nature, 444(7115), 93-96. Abstract.
Blackburn TM, Gaston KJ (2006). Global patterns of geographic range size in birds. PLoS Biology, 4(7), 1276-1283. Abstract.
Mora C, Andrefouet S, Costello MJ, Kranenburg C, Rollo A, Veron J, Gaston KJ, Myers RA (2006). How protected are coral reefs? Response. SCIENCE, 314(5800), 758-760. Author URL.
Davies RG, Orme CDL, Olson V, Thomas GH, Ross SG, Ding T-S, Rasmussen PC, Stattersfield AJ, Bennett PM, Blackburn TM, et al (2006). Human impacts and the global distribution of extinction risk. Proc Biol Sci, 273(1598), 2127-2133. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2006). People and mammals in Mexico: Conservation conflicts at a national scale. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15(8), 2397-2414. Abstract.
(2006). People, species richness and human population growth. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15(6), 625-636. Abstract.
Evans KL, Rodrigues ASL, Chown SL, Gaston KJ (2006). Protected areas and regional avian species richness in South Africa. Biol Lett, 2(2), 184-188. Abstract.  Author URL.
Myers RA (2006). Response [5]. Science, 314(5800), 758-760.
(2006). Species traits and the form of individual species-energy relationships. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 273(1595), 1779-1787. Abstract.
Catchpole R, Hopkins J, Kunin WE, Latham J, Opdam P, Stoneman R, Stroud DA, Tratt R (2006). The ecological effectiveness of protected areas: the United Kingdom. Biological Conservation, 132(1), 76-87. Abstract.
(2006). There's more to macroecology than meets the eye. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15(6), 537-540. Abstract.
(2006). Urban domestic gardens (IX): Composition and richness of the vascular plant flora, and implications for native biodiversity. Biological Conservation, 129(3), 312-322. Abstract.
(2006). Urban domestic gardens (VI): Environmental correlates of invertebrate species richness. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15(8), 2415-2438. Abstract.
Smith RM, Gaston KJ, Warren PH, Thompson K (2006). Urban domestic gardens (VIII): Environmental correlates of invertebrate abundance. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15(8), 2515-2545. Abstract.
(2006). Variations on a theme: Sources of heterogeneity in the form of the interspecific relationship between abundance and distribution. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75(6), 1426-1439. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (2005). Biodiversity and extinction: Species and people. Progress in Physical Geography, 29(2), 239-247.
(2005). Can the evolutionary-rates hypothesis explain species-energy relationships?. Functional Ecology, 19(6), 899-915. Abstract.
(2005). Capturing biodiversity: Selecting priority areas for conservation using different criteria. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14(5), 1083-1100. Abstract.
(2005). Causes of exotic bird establishment across oceanic islands. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 272(1576), 2059-2063. Abstract.
(2005). Connectivity in priority area selection for conservation. Environmental Modeling and Assessment, 10(3), 183-192. Abstract.
(2005). Conservation theology for conservation biologists - a reply to David Orr. Conservation Biology, 19(6), 1689-1692.
(2005). Constraint and competition in assemblages: a cross-continental and modeling approach for ants. American Naturalist, 165(4), 481-494. Abstract.
Evans KL, Greenwood JJD, Gaston KJ (2005). Dissecting the species-energy relationship. Proc Biol Sci, 272(1577), 2155-2163. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2005). Does energy availability influence classical patterns of spatial variation in exotic species richness?. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 14(1), 57-65. Abstract.
(2005). Forest cover-rainfall relationships in a biodiversity hotspot: the Atlantic forest of Brazil. Ecological Applications, 15(6), 1968-1983. Abstract.
(2005). Functional diversity of mammalian predators and extinction in island birds. Ecology, 86(11), 2916-2923. Abstract.
Orme CDL, Davies RG, Burgess M, Eigenbrod F, Pickup N, Olson VA, Webster AJ, Ding TS, Rasmussen PC, Ridgely RS, et al (2005). Global hotspots of species richness are not congruent with endemism or threat. Nature, 436(7053), 1016-1019. Abstract.
(2005). Heritability of geographic range sizes revisited: a reply to Hunt et al. American Naturalist, 166(1), 136-143.
Chown SL, Hull B, Gaston KJ (2005). Human impacts, energy availability and invasion across Southern Ocean Islands. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 14(6), 521-528. Abstract.
(2005). Nestedness of Southern Ocean island biotas: Ecological perspectives on a biogeographical conundrum. Journal of Biogeography, 32(1), 155-168. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Chown SL (2005). Neutrality and the niche. Functional Ecology, 19(1), 1-6.
(2005). People, energy and avian species richness. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 14(2), 187-196. Abstract.
(2005). Priority sites for wildfowl conservation in Mexico. Animal Conservation, 8(1), 41-50. Abstract.
Evans KL, Greenwood JJD, Gaston KJ (2005). Relative contribution of abundant and rare species to species-energy relationships. Biol Lett, 1(1), 87-90. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2005). Resources and global avian assemblage structure in forests. Ecology Letters, 8(3), 282-289. Abstract.
Blackburn TM, Cassey P, Duncan RP, Evans KL, Gaston KJ (2005). Response to comment on "Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands". SCIENCE, 307(5714), 1412-1412. Author URL.
Evans KL, Warren PH, Gaston KJ (2005). Species-energy relationships at the macroecological scale: a review of the mechanisms. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc, 80(1), 1-25. Abstract.  Author URL.
Srivastava DS (2005). The local-regional relationship: Immigration, extinction, and scale. Ecology, 86(2), 360-365. Abstract.
(2005). The lognormal distribution is not an appropriate null hypothesis for the species-abundance distribution. Journal of Animal Ecology, 74(3), 409-422. Abstract.
Zapata FA, Gaston KJ, Chown SL (2005). The mid-domain effect revisited. AMERICAN NATURALIST, 166(5), E144-E148. Author URL.
(2005). The roles of extinction and colonization in generating species-energy relationships. Journal of Animal Ecology, 74(3), 498-507. Abstract.
Storch D, Evans KL, Gaston KJ (2005). The species-area-energy relationship. Ecol Lett, 8(5), 487-492. Abstract.  Author URL.
Williamson M (2005). The structure of global species-range size distributions: Raptors &amp; owls. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 14(1), 67-76. Abstract.
(2005). Trends in the use of private gardens by wild birds in Great Britain 1995-2002. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42(4), 659-671. Abstract.
(2005). Untangling an entangled bank. Science, 307(5710), 684-686.
(2005). Urban domestic gardens (II): Experimental tests of methods for increasing biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14(2), 395-413. Abstract.
(2005). Urban domestic gardens (IV): the extent of the resource and its associated features. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14(14), 3327-3349. Abstract.
(2005). Urban domestic gardens (V): Relationships between landcover composition, housing and landscape. Landscape Ecology, 20(2), 235-253. Abstract.
(2005). Urban domestic gardens (VII): a preliminary survey of soil seed banks. Seed Science Research, 15(2), 133-141. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, O'Neill MA (2004). Automated species identification: why not?. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 359(1444), 655-667. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2004). Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands. Science, 305(5692), 1955-1958. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Evans KL (2004). Birds and people in Europe. Proc Biol Sci, 271(1548), 1649-1655. Abstract.  Author URL.
Chown SL (2004). Conservation during times of change: Correlations between birds, climate and people in South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 100(5-6), 266-272. Abstract.
(2004). Contribution of rarity and commonness to patterns of species richness. Ecology Letters, 7(2), 81-87. Abstract.
Cowling J, Spicer JI, Gaston KJ, Weeks JM (2004). Current status of an amphipod invader, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt, 1925), in Britain. Journal of Natural History, 38(13), 1665-1675.
Boitani L, Brooks TM, Cowling RM, Fishpool LDC, Da Fonseca GAB, Gaston KJ, Hoffmann M, Long JS, Marquet PA, Pilgrim JD, et al (2004). Effectiveness of the global protected area network in representing species diversity. Nature, 428(6983), 640-643. Abstract.
(2004). Gardens and wildlife - the BUGS project. British Wildlife, 16(1), 1-9.
Yan X (2004). Global gap analysis: Priority regions for expanding the global protected-area network. BioScience, 54(12), 1092-1100. Abstract.
(2004). Hemispheric asymmetries in biodiversity - a serious matter for ecology. PLoS Biology, 2(11).
(2004). How do different measures of functional diversity perform?. Ecology, 85(3), 847-857. Abstract.
(2004). Macroecology. Basic and Applied Ecology, 5(5), 385-387.
(2004). Macroecology and people. Basic and Applied Ecology, 5(4), 303-307. Abstract.
Robinson D (2004). Macrophysiology: Large-scale patterns in physiological traits and their ecological implications. Functional Ecology, 18(2), 159-167.
Cowling JE, Weeks JA, Spicer JI, Gaston KJ (2004). Physiological tolerances of the euterrestrial amphipod Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) as a key to its geographical distribution? a test using mesocosms. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 139(2), 251-259.
(2004). Rarity, commonness, and patterns of species richness: the mammals of Mexico. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 13(6), 535-542. Abstract.
(2004). Size matters: the value of small populations for wintering waterbirds. Animal Conservation, 7(3), 229-239. Abstract.
(2004). Spatial congruence of ecological transition at the regional scale in South Africa. Journal of Biogeography, 31(5), 843-854. Abstract.
Bonn A, Storch D, Gaston KJ (2004). Structure of the species--energy relationship. Proc Biol Sci, 271(1549), 1685-1691. Abstract.  Author URL.
Gaston KJ (2004). The buffer effect and the selection of protected areas for waterbirds in Britain. Biological Conservation, 120(1), 137-143. Abstract.
(2004). The geographical range structure of the holly leaf-miner. IV. Effects of variation in host-plant quality. Journal of Animal Ecology, 73(5), 911-924. Abstract.
(2004). The importance of habitat heterogeneity, biotic interactions and dispersal in abundance-occupancy relationships. Journal of Animal Ecology, 73(5), 841-851. Abstract.
(2004). The performance of procedures for selecting conservation areas: Waterbirds in the UK. Biological Conservation, 118(2), 261-270. Abstract.
(2004). Untangling ecological complexity on different scales of space and time. Basic and Applied Ecology, 5(5), 389-400. Abstract.
(2004). Urban domestic gardens (III): Composition and diversity of lawn floras. Journal of Vegetation Science, 15(3), 373-378. Abstract.
(2004). Wildfowl population trends in Mexico, 1961-2000: a basis for conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 115(3), 343-355. Abstract.
(2003). A review of conservation threats on Gough Island: a case study for terrestrial conservation in the Southern Oceans. Biological Conservation, 113(1), 75-87. Abstract.
(2003). Are there latitudinal gradients in species turnover?. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 12(6), 483-498. Abstract.
(2003). Dispersal and the interspecific abundance-occupancy relationship in British birds. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 12(5), 373-379. Abstract.
Martinková J, Gaston KJ (2003). Distribution patterns in butterflies and birds of the Czech Republic: Separating effects of habitat and geographical position. Journal of Biogeography, 30(8), 1195-1205. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (2003). Ecology - the how and why of biodiversity. NATURE, 421(6926), 900-901. Author URL.
Van Jaarsveld AS (2003). Energy, species richness, and human population size: Conservation implications at a national scale. Ecological Applications, 13(5), 1233-1241. Abstract.
Cowling JE, Spicer JI, Weeks JM, Gaston KJ (2003). Environmental tolerances of an invasive terrestrial amphipod, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) in Britain. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 136(3), 735-747.
Šizling AL, Gaston KJ (2003). Geometry of the species-area relationship in central European birds: Testing the mechanism. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72(3), 509-519. Abstract.
(2003). Global variation in terrestrial conservation costs, conservation benefits, and unmet conservation needs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100(3), 1046-1050. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM, Klein Goldewijk K (2003). Habitat conversion and global avian biodiversity loss. Proc Biol Sci, 270(1521), 1293-1300. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2003). Interspecific abundance-occupancy relationships of British mammals and birds: is it possible to explain the residual variation?. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 12(1), 37-46. Abstract.
(2003). Introduced house mice as a conservation concern on Gough Island. Biodiversity and Conservation, 12(10), 2107-2119. Abstract.
Koleff P, Gaston KJ, Lennon JJ (2003). Measuring beta diversity for presence-absence data. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72(3), 367-382. Abstract.
(2003). Mid-domain models of species richness gradients: Assumptions, methods and evidence. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72(4), 677-690. Abstract.
(2003). Occupancy, Spatial Variance, and the Abundance of Species. American Naturalist, 162(3), 366-375.
Webb TJ, Gaston KJ (2003). On the heritability of geographic range sizes. Am Nat, 161(4), 553-566. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2003). Physiological diversity: Listening to the large-scale signal. Functional Ecology, 17(4), 568-572.
Gaston KJ, Jones AG, Hänel C, Chown SL (2003). Rates of species introduction to a remote oceanic island. Proc Biol Sci, 270(1519), 1091-1098. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2003). Reserve selection in regions with poor biological data. Conservation Biology, 17(1), 188-195. Abstract.
(2003). The free-living pterygote insects of gough island, south Atlantic Ocean. Systematics and Biodiversity, 1(2), 213-273. Abstract.
(2003). The geographical range structure of the Holly Leaf-miner. III. Cold hardiness physiology. Functional Ecology, 17(6), 858-868. Abstract.
(2003). The geographical range structure of the holly leaf-miner. II. Demographic rates. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72(1), 82-93. Abstract.
(2003). The how and why of biodiversity. Nature, 421(6926), 900-901. Abstract.
(2003). Urban domestic gardens (I): Putting small-scale plant diversity in context. Journal of Vegetation Science, 14(1), 71-78. Abstract.
(2002). An asymptote is an asymptote and not found in species-area relationships. Journal of Biogeography, 29(12).
Jackson SF, Gaston KJ, Kershaw M (2002). Dealing with population fluctuations in waterbird conservation. AVIAN LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY: PURE AND APPLIED ISSUES IN THE LARGE-SCALE ECOLOGY OF BIRDS, 242-250. Author URL.
Petchey OL, Gaston KJ (2002). Extinction and the loss of functional diversity. Proc Biol Sci, 269(1501), 1721-1727. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2002). Extrinsic factors and the population sizes of threatened birds. Ecology Letters, 5(4), 568-576. Abstract.
(2002). Functional diversity (FD), species richness and community composition. Ecology Letters, 5(3), 402-411. Abstract.
(2002). Individuals-area relationships: Comment. Ecology, 83(1), 288-293.
(2002). Large-scale dynamics in colonization and extinction for breeding birds in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 71(3), 390-399. Abstract.
Blackburn TM, Gaston KJ (2002). Macroecology is distinct from biogeography. NATURE, 418(6899), 723-723. Author URL.
(2002). Maximising phylogenetic diversity in the selection of networks of conservation areas. Biological Conservation, 105(1), 103-111. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (2002). Metabolic cold adaptation in insects: a large-scale perspective. Functional Ecology, 16(3), 332-338. Abstract.
(2002). Occupancy frequency distributions: Patterns, artefacts and mechanisms. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 77(3), 311-331. Abstract.
(2002). Occupancy-abundance relationships and spatial distribution: a review. Basic and Applied Ecology, 3(1), 1-13. Abstract.
He FL, Gaston KJ, Wu JG (2002). On species occupancy-abundance models. ECOSCIENCE, 9(1), 119-126. Author URL.
(2002). Optimisation in reserve selection procedures - Why not?. Biological Conservation, 107(1), 123-129. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Pressey RL, Margules CR (2002). Persistence and vulnerability: retaining biodiversity in the landscape and in protected areas. JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES, 27(4), 361-384. Author URL.
Chown SL, Addo-Bediako A, Gaston KJ (2002). Physiological variation in insects: large-scale patterns and their implications. COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY B-BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 131(4), 587-602. Author URL.
Storch D, Gaston KJ, Cepák J (2002). Pink landscapes: 1/f spectra of spatial environmental variability and bird community composition. Proc Biol Sci, 269(1502), 1791-1796. Abstract.  Author URL.
Kershaw M (2002). Population trends and priority conservation sites for Mexican Duck Anas diazi. Bird Conservation International, 12(1), 35-52. Abstract.
(2002). Rarity and conservation planning across geopolitical units. Conservation Biology, 16(3), 674-682. Abstract.
(2002). Scale in macroecology. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 11(3), 185-189. Abstract.
van Rensburg BJ, Chown SL, Gaston KJ (2002). Species richness, environmental correlates, and spatial scale: a test using South African birds. AMERICAN NATURALIST, 159(5), 566-577. Author URL.
(2002). Terrestrial invertebrates of Gough Island: an assemblage under threat?. African Entomology, 10(1), 83-91. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, He F (2002). The distribution of species range size: a stochastic process. Proc Biol Sci, 269(1495), 1079-1086. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2002). The geographical range structure of the holly leaf-miner. I. Population density. Journal of Animal Ecology, 71(1), 99-111. Abstract.
(2002). The importance of biotic interactions in abundance-occupancy relationships. Journal of Animal Ecology, 71(5), 846-854. Abstract.
Koleff P, Gaston KJ (2002). The relationships between local and regional species richness and spatial turnover. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 11(5), 363-375. Abstract.
Bonn A, Rodrigues ASL, Gaston KJ (2002). Threat and endemism: good indicators of patterns of biodiversity on a national scale?. AVIAN LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY: PURE AND APPLIED ISSUES IN THE LARGE-SCALE ECOLOGY OF BIRDS, 281-281. Author URL.
(2002). Threatened and endemic species: Are they good indicators of patterns of biodiversity on a national scale?. Ecology Letters, 5(6), 733-741. Abstract.
(2002). Undesignated sites in Mexico qualifying as wetlands of international importance. Biological Conservation, 107(1), 47-57. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (2002). World Atlas of biodiversity: Earth's living resources in the 21st century. NATURE, 419(6907), 562-+. Author URL.
(2001). Can we afford to conserve biodiversity?. BioScience, 51(1), 43-52.
(2001). Complementary representation and zones of ecological transition. Ecology Letters, 4(1), 4-9. Abstract.
Cowley MJR, Thomas CD, Roy DB, Wilson RJ, León-Cortés JL, Gutiérrez D, Bulman CR, Quinn RM, Moss D, Gaston KJ (2001). Density-distribution relationships in British butterflies I: the effect of mobility and spatial scale. Journal of Animal Ecology, 70, 410-425.
(2001). How large do reserve networks need to be?. Ecology Letters, 4(6), 602-609. Abstract.
(2001). Latitudinal gradients in diversity: Real patterns and random models. Ecography, 24(3), 341-351. Abstract.
(2001). Linking patterns in macroecology. Journal of Animal Ecology, 70(2), 338-352. Abstract.
(2001). Local avian assemblages as random draws from regional pools. Ecography, 24(1), 50-58. Abstract.
(2001). Population density and geographical range size in the introduced and native passerine faunas of New Zealand. Diversity and Distributions, 7(5), 209-221. Abstract.
(2001). Revisiting water loss in insects: a large scale view. Journal of Insect Physiology, 47(12), 1377-1388. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Chown SL, Mercer RD (2001). The animal species-body size distribution of Marion Island. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 98(25), 14493-14496. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lennon JJ, Koleff P, Greenwood JJD, Gaston KJ (2001). The geographical structure of British bird distributions: diversity, spatial turnover and scale. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL ECOLOGY, 70(6), 966-979. Author URL.
(2001). The relationship between range size and niche breadth: a test using five species of Gammarus (Amphipoda). Global Ecology and Biogeography, 10(2), 179-188. Abstract.
(2001). The species-area relationship does not have an asymptote!. Journal of Biogeography, 28(7), 827-830. Abstract.
(2001). World heritage status and conservation of Southern ocean Islands. Conservation Biology, 15(3), 550-557.
(2000). Abundance-occupancy relationships. Journal of Applied Ecology, 37(SUPPL. 1), 39-59. Abstract.
(2000). Areas cradles and museums: the latitudinal gradient in species richness. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 15(8), 311-315. Abstract.
(2000). Biodiversity: Higher taxon richness. Progress in Physical Geography, 24(1), 117-127.
(2000). Edge effects on the prevalence and mortality factors of Phytomyza ilicis (Diptera, Agromyzidae) in a suburban woodland. Ecology Letters, 3(1), 23-29. Abstract.
He FL, Gaston KJ (2000). Estimating species abundance from occurrence. AMERICAN NATURALIST, 156(5), 553-559. Author URL.
(2000). Explanations of commonness and rarity in british breeding birds: Separating resource use and resource availability. Oikos, 88(3), 515-526. Abstract.
Cerdeira JO, Gaston KJ (2000). Flexibility, efficiency, and accountability: Adapting reserve selection algorithms to more complex conservation problems. Ecography, 23(5), 565-574. Abstract.
Webb TJ, Gaston KJ (2000). Geographic range size and evolutionary age in birds. Proc Biol Sci, 267(1455), 1843-1850. Abstract.  Author URL.
Gaston KJ (2000). Global patterns in biodiversity. Nature, 405(6783), 220-227. Abstract.  Author URL.
Chown SL, Gaston KJ, Hanel C (2000). Gough Island biodiversity study goes ahead. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, 96(1), 7-8. Author URL.
(2000). Integrating costs of conservation into international priority setting. Conservation Biology, 14(3), 597-605.
(2000). Island-hopping invaders hitch a ride with tourists in South Georgia [1]. Nature, 408(6813).
Williams PH, Lawton JH, Margules CR, May RM, Nicholls AO, Possingham HP, Rahbek C, Van Jaarsveld AS (2000). It's time to work together and stop duplicating conservation efforts. [1]. Nature, 405(6785).
He F, Gaston KJ (2000). Occupancy-abundance relationships and sampling scales. Ecography, 23(4), 503-511. Abstract.
Chown SL, Gaston KJ (2000). Rapoport effect and speciation/extinction rates in the tropics - Reply. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, 15(12), 514-515. Author URL.
Rodrigues AS, Gregory RD, Gaston KJ (2000). Robustness of reserve selection procedures under temporal species turnover. Proc Biol Sci, 267(1438), 49-55. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2000). The holly leaf miner as a study organism. Journal of Biological Education, 34(2), 90-94. Abstract.
(2000). Thermal tolerance, climatic variability and latitude. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 267(1445), 739-745. Abstract.
Rodrigues AS, Gaston KJ, Gregory RD (2000). Using presence-absence data to establish reserve selection procedures that are robust to temporal species turnover. Proc Biol Sci, 267(1446), 897-902. Abstract.  Author URL.
(2000). Why private institutions alone will not do enough to protect biodiversity [1]. Nature, 404(6774).
(1999). A critique for macroecology. Oikos, 84(3), 353-368. Abstract.
(1999). A simple transformation for sets of range sizes. Ecography, 22(6), 674-680. Abstract.
(1999). Amphipod gigantism dictated by oxygen availability?. Ecology Letters, 2(6), 397-403. Abstract.
(1999). Automating insect identification: Exploring the limitations of a prototype system. Journal of Applied Entomology, 123(1), 1-8. Abstract.
James AN, Gaston KJ, Balmford A (1999). Balancing the Earth's accounts. NATURE, 401(6751), 323-324. Author URL.
Blackburn TM, Gaston KJ (1999). Density, survey area, and the perfection (or otherwise) of ecologists. Oikos, 85(3), 570-573.
Blackburn TM, Gaston KJ, Quinn RM, Gregory RD (1999). Do local abundances of British birds change with proximity to range edge?. Journal of Biogeography, 26(3), 493-505. Abstract.
(1999). Does variation in census area confound density comparisons?. Journal of Applied Ecology, 36(2), 191-204. Abstract.
(1999). Elevation and climatic tolerance: a test using dung beetles. Oikos, 86(3), 584-590. Abstract.
(1999). Exploring links between physiology and ecology at macro-scales: the role of respiratory metabolism in insects. Biological Reviews, 74(1), 87-120. Abstract.
(1999). Exploring links between physiology and ecology at macro-scales: the role of respiratory metabolism in insects. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 74(1), 87-120. Abstract.
(1999). Geographic gradients in body size: a clarification of Bergmann's rule. Diversity and Distributions, 5(4), 165-174. Abstract.
(1999). Implications of interspecific and intraspecific abundance-occupancy relationships. Oikos, 86(2), 195-207. Abstract.
(1999). Intraspecific abundance-occupancy relationships: Case studies of six bird species in Britain. Diversity and Distributions, 5(5), 197-212. Abstract.
(1999). Intraspecific relationships between abundance and occupancy among species of Paridae and Sylviidae in Britain. Ecoscience, 6(2), 131-142. Abstract.
Chown SL, Gaston KJ (1999). Patterns in procellariiform diversity as a test of species-energy theory in marine systems. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 1(3), 365-373. Abstract.
Thompson K, Gaston KJ, Band SR (1999). Range size, dispersal and niche breadth in the herbaceous flora of central England. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, 87(1), 150-155. Author URL.
(1999). Scale and conservation planning in the real world. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 266(1417), 315-319. Abstract.
(1999). Species-identification of wasps using principal component associative memories. Image and Vision Computing, 17(12), 861-866. Abstract.
Wheeler BD, Gaston KJ (1999). The performance of existing networks of conservation areas in representing biodiversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 266(1427), 1453-1460. Abstract.
Blackburn TM, Gaston KJ (1999). The relationship between animal abundance and body size: a review of the mechanisms. ADVANCES IN ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH, VOL 28, 28, 181-210. Author URL.
(1999). Why Rapoport's rule does not generalise. Oikos, 84(2), 309-312.
(1999). Why biodiversity surveys are good value. Nature, 398(6724), 204-205.
(1998). Abundance-range size relationships in the herbaceous flora of central England. Journal of Ecology, 86(3), 439-448. Abstract.
(1998). Aggregation and interspecific abundance-occupancy relationships. Journal of Animal Ecology, 67(6), 995-999.
(1998). Biodiversity - the road to an atlas. Progress in Physical Geography, 22(2), 269-281.
(1998). Biodiversity indicators: Graphical techniques, smoothing and searching for what makes relationships work. Ecography, 21(5), 551-560. Abstract.
Loder N, Gaston KJ, Warren PH, Arnold HR (1998). Body size and feeding specificity: Macrolepidoptera in Britain. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 63(1), 121-139. Abstract.
(1998). Coincidence in the distributions of butterflies and their foodplants. Ecography, 21(3), 279-288. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Spicer JI (1998). Do upper thermal tolerances differ in geographically separated populations of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Crustacea: Amphipoda)?. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 229(2), 265-276. Abstract.
Chown SL, Grammen NJM, Gaston KJ (1998). Ecological biogeography of southern ocean islands: Species-area relationships, human impacts, and conservation. American Naturalist, 152(4), 562-575. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (1998). Ecology - Rarity as double jeopardy. NATURE, 394(6690), 229-230. Author URL.
(1998). Global patterns in species richness of pelagic seabirds: the procellariiformes. Ecography, 21(4), 342-350. Abstract.
(1998). Interspecific differences in intraspecific abundance-range size relationships of British breeding birds. Ecography, 21(2), 149-158. Abstract.
(1998). Patterns in the geographic ranges of the world's woodpeckers. Ibis, 140(4), 626-638. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM, Spicer JI (1998). Rapoport's rule: time for an epitaph?. Trends Ecol Evol, 13(2), 70-74. Abstract.  Author URL.
(1998). Rarity as double jeopardy. Nature, 394(6690), 229-230.
(1998). Some methodological issues in macroecology. American Naturalist, 151(1), 68-83. Abstract.
(1998). Species-range size distributions in Britain. Ecography, 21(4), 361-370. Abstract.
(1998). Species-range size distributions: Products of speciation, extinction and transformation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 353(1366), 219-230. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM, Gregory RD, Greenwood JJD (1998). The anatomy of the interspecific abundance-range size relationship for the British avifauna: I. Spatial patterns. Ecology Letters, 1(1), 38-46. Abstract.
(1998). The anatomy of the interspecific abundance-range size relationship for the British avifauna: II. Temporal dynamics. Ecology Letters, 1(1), 47-55. Abstract.
(1998). The distribution of mammal body masses. Diversity and Distributions, 4(3), 121-133. Abstract.
(1998). The dynamics of abundance-range size relationships. Oikos, 81(1), 38-44. Abstract.
van Jaarsveld AS, Gaston KJ, Chown SL, Freitag S (1998). Throwing biodiversity out with the binary data?. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, 94(5), 210-214. Author URL.
(1997). A critical assessment of the form of the interspecific relationship between abundance and body size in animals. Journal of Animal Ecology, 66(2), 233-249. Abstract.
(1997). Abundance-range size relationships in British birds: is unexplained variation a product of life history?. Ecography, 20(5), 466-474. Abstract.
(1997). Abundance-range size relationships of breeding and wintering birds in Britain: a comparative analysis. Ecography, 20(6), 569-579. Abstract.
Quinn RM, Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM, Eversham BC (1997). Abundance-range size relationships of macrolepidoptera in Britain: the effects of taxonomy and life history variables. ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY, 22(4), 453-461. Author URL.
(1997). Age, area and avian diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 62(2), 239-253. Abstract.
(1997). Automating the identification of insects: a new solution to an old problem. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 87(2), 203-211. Abstract.
(1997). Changing size and changing enemies: the case of the mopane worm. Acta Oecologica, 18(1), 21-26. Abstract.
Quinn RM, Gaston KJ, Roy DB (1997). Coincidence between consumer and host occurrence: Macrolepidoptera in Britain. ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY, 22(2), 197-208. Author URL.
Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM (1997). How many birds are there?. Biodiversity and Conservation, 6(4), 615-625. Abstract.
(1997). Image analysis, neural networks, and the taxonomic impediment to biodiversity studies. Biodiversity and Conservation, 6(2), 263-274. Abstract.
(1997). Interspecific abundance-occupancy relationships and the effects of disturbance: a test using microcosms. Oecologia, 112(1), 112-117. Abstract.
(1997). Interspecific abundance-occupancy relationships: a test of mechanisms using microcosms. Journal of Animal Ecology, 66(5), 730-742. Abstract.
(1997). Interspecific abundance-range size relationships: an appraisal of mechanisms. Journal of Animal Ecology, 66(4), 579-601. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (1997). Interspecific abundance-range size relationships: Range position and phylogeny. Ecography, 20(4), 390-399. Abstract.
Williams PH, Gaston KJ, Humphries CJ (1997). Mapping biodiversity value worldwide: Combining higher-taxon richness from different groups. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 264(1378), 141-148. Author URL.
(1997). Of mice and wrens: the relation between abundance and geographic range size in British mammals and birds. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 352(1352), 419-427. Abstract.
Spicer JI, Gaston KJ (1997). Old and new agendas for ontogeny. Trends Ecol Evol, 12(10), 381-382. Author URL.
Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM (1997). On the relationship between range size and local abundance: Back to basics. Oikos, 78(1), 183-190. Abstract.
(1997). The relationship between geographic area and the latitudinal gradient in species richness in New World birds. Evolutionary Ecology, 11(2), 195-204. Abstract.
(1997). The slippery slope: Towards an understanding of the body size frequency distribution. Oikos, 78(1), 195-201.
(1997). The species-body size distribution: Energy, fitness and optimality. Functional Ecology, 11(3), 365-375. Abstract.
(1996). Biodiversity - Congruence. Progress in Physical Geography, 20(1), 105-112.
(1996). Biodiversity - Latitudinal gradients. Progress in Physical Geography, 20(4), 466-476.
(1996). Conservation implications of geographic range size-body size relationships. Conservation Biology, 10(2), 638-646.
(1996). Global scale macroecology: Interactions between population size, geographic range size and body size in the Anseriformes. Journal of Animal Ecology, 65(6), 701-714. Abstract.
(1996). Measures of geographic range size: the effects of sample size. Ecography, 19(3), 259-268. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (1996). Nestedness and discontinuities in species-range-size distributions - Reply. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, 11(10), 433-433. Author URL.
Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM (1996). Rarity and body size: Importance of generality. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, 10(4), 1295-1298. Author URL.
Quinn RM, Gaston KJ, Arnold HR (1996). Relative measures of geographic range size: Empirical comparisons. Oecologia, 107(2), 179-188. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (1996). Reply from k.j. Gaston. Trends Ecol Evol, 11(10). Author URL.
(1996). Spatial patterns in the body sizes of bird species in the New World. Oikos, 77(3), 436-446. Abstract.
Blackburn TM, Gaston KJ (1996). Spatial patterns in the geographic range sizes of bird species in the New World. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 351(1342), 897-912. Author URL.
(1996). Spatial patterns in the species richness of birds in the New World. Ecography, 19(4), 369-376. Abstract.
Gaston KJ (1996). Species-range-size distributions: patterns, mechanisms and implications. Trends Ecol Evol, 11(5), 197-201. Abstract.  Author URL.
Blackburn TM, Gaston KJ (1996). The distribution of bird species in the New World: Patterns in species turnover. Oikos, 77(1), 146-152. Abstract.
(1996). The multiple forms of the interspecific abundance-distribution relationship. Oikos, 76(2), 211-220. Abstract.
(1996). The size and composition of the hymenopteran fauna of Costa Rica. Journal of Biogeography, 23(1), 105-113. Abstract.
Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM (1996). The spatial distribution of threatened species: Macroscales and New World birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 263(1367), 235-240. Abstract.
(1996). The tropics as a museum of biological diversity: an analysis of the New World avifauna. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 263(1366), 63-68. Abstract.
(1995). Which species are described first?: the case of North American butterflies. Biodiversity and Conservation, 4(2), 119-127. Abstract.
(1994). Geographic range sizes and trajectories to extinction. Biodiversity Letters, 2(6), 163-170. Abstract.
(1992). Predator-prey ratios: a special case of a general pattern?. Philosophical Transactions - Royal Society of London, B, 338(1284), 113-130. Abstract.
(1992). Predator: non-predator ratios in beetle assemblages. Oecologia, 90(3), 417-421. Abstract.


(2013). Global Species Richness. In  (Ed) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition, 707-711.  Abstract.
(2013). Indicator Species. In  (Ed) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition, 253-263.  Abstract.
Acs S, Gaston KJ, Armsworth PR (2012). Historical perspectives on the development of multifunctional landscapes: a case study from the uk uplands. In  (Ed) Multifunctional Rural Land Management Economics and Policies, 277-294.
(2010). Biodiversity. In  (Ed) Conservation Biology for All.  Abstract.