Shadi Beshai

Shadi Beshai.

The Think-Tank seminar series

Cross-Cultural Psychopathology: Depression in Egypt and Around the World

Facilitator

Shadi Beshai, PhD Candidate, Clinical Psychology, University of Calgary, AB, Canada.

Date and time

12:00 - 13:00, 28 September 2013

Abstract

The aim of this presentation is to introduce the concepts and pragmatics of cross-cultural research in psychopathology. The presentation will focus on the study of depression in various cultures, with a particular focus on research of this disorder in Egypt and the Middle East. Finally, there will be a brief discussion of a study conducted in 2011-2013 which examined the validity of Beck’s (1967; 1979) cognitive model of depression among a group of depressed, Egyptian participants in comparison to their Canadian counterparts. Consistent with the cognitive model, results from this study indicated that, in comparison to healthy Egyptians, depressed Egyptians harbored significantly more dysfunctional attitudes, and negative thoughts about self and future, and significantly less positive thoughts. Contrary to predictions, depressed Egyptians and Canadians did not exhibit a bias toward negative stimuli in comparison to healthy participants of both nationality. Finally, Egyptians exhibited significantly less hopelessness, more positive thoughts, and a positive attentional bias in comparison to their Canadian counterparts. These results, their implications, and the theoretical considerations of this research are further discussed.

View the presentation from the seminar.