Green and gold open access

There are two main models for open access:

  1. Self-archiving (green open access): Deposit a copy of your paper in an institutional or subject repository.
  2. Gold open accessThe final published PDF is made immediately freely available to all on the publisher website, often following payment of an article processing charge (APC) to the publisher.

The University supports the green route, which is free to the researcher and complies with the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) open access policy for the post-2014 REF, which states:

"In order to submit a research paper to the next REF a researcher must first have deposited it in a repository."

You can make your work available as open access by depositing a copy of your manuscript in an open access repository such as Open Research Exeter (ORE). This is referred to as 'green' open access or self-archiving and can increase the visibility of your work, without the need to pay open access charges. 

Depositing to the institutional repository

Researchers should deposit via Symplectic. See the Symplectic guides for more information.

The publisher may only permit you to deposit the accepted version (following peer review and amendments) rather than the published PDF, over which the publisher retains copyright. They may stipulate a period of time before the paper can be made freely available (an embargo). 

Your submission will be checked by Library Liaison, who will apply any embargo required, before making your item available in ORE.

Embargo periods can conflict with funder requirements. Check whether your chosen journal is compliant with the policy of your funder using SHERPA/FACT and find out more about individual journal policies by searching SHERPA/RoMEO. When an embargo exceeds funder requirements, gold open access may be your option in order to comply with your funder's open access policy.

Publishing with gold open access, the final published PDF of your article will be made freely available on the publisher website, immediately and permanently, usually after payment of an article processing charge (APC). A licence is applied that allows users to download, copy, reuse and distribute the work providing the original article is fully cited.

Paying for gold open access

Your funder may pay your open access publication costs; check the funder requirements table. The University manages two open access funds, for publications arising from research funded by:

  1. Research Councils UK (RCUK)
  2. The Wellcome Trust and partner charities contributing to the Charity Open Access Fund (COAF)

These funders require that the CC-BY licence is applied when you publish with gold open access. Please complete an RCUK / COAF funding request upon acceptance of your article. Contact Open Access Services for more information.

What if you don't have the funds for gold open access?

Deposit a copy of your paper (via Symplectic) to the institutional repository ORE, making it available there as open access. There are no charges associated with this.

If you wish to publish with gold open access and do not have funding for this, consider:

  • Approaching your funder to ask if they will pay.
  • Asking the journal to waive the fee. This is offered by some publishers depending on the circumstances of the authors and the importance of the research.
  • Asking your College or department if they can fund the publishing.

Consider publishing in another journal

Many journals listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) do not charge a fee to publish. 

There is no charge to publish open access in eligible Springer hybrid journals.

Other publishers offer discounted APCs as part of institutional membership or offset agreements related to library journal subscriptions.

If you are concerned that you may not be able to publish in your journal of choice, speak to your Director of Research who can ensure your concerns are raised at a higher level in your College.

Other publication charges

Arrangements for the payment of other publication charges (such as page and colour charges) vary by funder; check the terms and conditions of your original research grant.