Credit: Stefan Gustafsson
See also the HERA - Higher Education Role Analysis pages for information on HERA and grading posts.

‌Salaries and oncosts

The University salaries are based on the Framework Agreement implemented in 2006. In these pages you can:

  • download a copy of the University's Salary scales ‌
  • download a copy of the University's Clinical Academic salary scales  
  • calculate what the salary will be including oncosts
  • find information on allowances 
  • find out information about grading and regrading (HERA)

If you need information on current government or immigration (CoS) rates, please see the statutory rates pages.‌


Oncosts are any additional costs that need to be taken into account, in addition to salary, to budget the full employment costs of a new post or existing staff member. The primary oncosts that are borne by the University are:

National Insurance

Employer National Insurance contributions (NICs) are currently 15.05% of pay above the “salary threshold”, which is revised by the Government each year. Employee National Insurance contributions are approximately 13.25% of salary (wef 6th April 2022) Technical information on the contribution rates and thresholds for National Insurance can be found on the UK government’s webpages.


Staff in Grades E and above automatically become members of a national pension scheme for higher education called the Universities Superannuation Scheme (USS). The current employer contribution rate, which is determined by USS, is 21.6% (wef 1st April 2022)

Staff in Grades B to D automatically become members of the University of Exeter Retirement Savings Scheme (ERSS). The employer contribution of 22.5% covers both ongoing deficit contributions to the closed ERBS scheme and employer contributions to ERSS.

You should always budget for the employee being a member of the pension scheme. Even if they opt-out, they can (subject to the rules of the scheme) choose to re-join at a later date and they may also be re-enrolled through the statutory scheme for pension auto-enrolment. It is an offence to induce an employee to opt out of the relevant pension scheme.

Apprenticeship Levy

The Apprenticeship Levy is a new tax introduced by the UK government from April 2017 to fund its planned increase in apprenticeship training. The Apprenticeship Levy is calculated and applied at employer level (rather than employee level like National Insurance). The Levy is 0.5% of the University’s total payroll costs, less an allowance of £15,000 per annum. In practice, this means that a charge of 0.44% is applied on each employee’s and casual worker’s pay. each month The Levy applies to everyone paid through both the main and casual payrolls. Technical information on the Apprenticeship Levy can be found on the UK government’s webpages.

You you should also budget for the cost of annual increments, any allowances, travel/expenses, equipment, etc.

For full-time, all year appointments, where oncosts are required for salary costing purposes, it is simplest to refer to the oncost table 

Apprenticeships  Apprenticeships Oncost Table

For more complex calculations, such as those that may require allowances, increments, NI/Pension or calculations for part-time appointments, we recommend using the salary oncost calculator.‌

Note: These oncosts are calculated using current UK tax and social security rates. If an employee is working outside the UK then the oncosts will vary depending on the country in which they are working.


Go to information about allowances which may be paid in addition to your salary in certain circumstances.

Support staff grading

For information about grading, please visit the support staff grading site.