What is open research?

Open research describes openness throughout the research cycle, through collaborative working and sharing, by making research methodology, software, code and equipment freely available online, along with instructions for using it. Open research includes making publications freely available online (open access), in addition to the underlying research data (open data).

Open access to research publications and data means that these are freely available to be viewed and downloaded by anybody with an internet connection, anywhere in the world. The application of licences such as Creative Commons grants maximum opportunities for reuse, subject to proper credit being given to the author of the work.

Open access

Open access is "the free, immediate, online availability of research articles coupled with the rights to use these articles fully in the digital environment” (sparcopen.org).

Open data

Open data are made freely available to access, share, interrogate and re-use.

Open research has benefits for you as an individual, for organisations, research funders, governments and society as a whole.