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Content creation and editing

Members of the Digital Team are digital content creation professionals. We can advise, edit and produce content for University websites.
Contact us to discuss.

Effective web writing

Because web communication is different to print, content must be specifically written for digital use. People are less tolerant of lots of text on the web, so content needs to engage users immediately and use the words they are looking for.

How do people read on the web?

Website users skim and scan text. They’ll scan a page picking out key words, sentences, headings, links and paragraphs of interest, and skim over text that doesn’t interest them. They don’t read word-for-word until they find information relevant to the task they're aiming to fulfil with their visit to your site.

What makes good digital copy?

Digital content should be written with audience's needs in mind, as well as how they use the medium. It should be:


  • Findable (searchable and navigable)
  • Readable
  • Understandable

Effective website content is:

  • necessary and helpful: make sure your web content serves a clear and useful purpose, know who it is for and what you want to achieve with it
  • audience-appropriate: focus on the user and their needs and answer people’s questions to satisfy their need for information quickly and easily; use their language and the words they will be looking for and will understand; and try to see things from their point of view
  • concise: you will only need 50% of the equivalent content you might write for printed publications; only write as much text as is really necessary, keep paragraphs short, stay focused and relevant and break content up so it is digestible
  • simple and direct: stick to the point, providing only what’s relevant; keep it free from technical language and internal jargon, and make sure it can be understood by all your targeted users
  • consistent: use consistent vocabulary, a consistent tone and style and follow house style rules
  • error-free: people need to have confidence in your information, but mistakes in spelling, typing and grammar can undermine this, so do proofread your text before approving it for publication on the website - T4 also has a spellchecker to help with this task
  • appropriate in style and tone of voice: it should be a conversation between you and the reader, and it should be credible
  • written to meet its purpose: establish a clear objective for each page’s content and ensure your text meets this
  • organised using appropriate headings: make headings short and direct, and use subheadings with a logical heading structure
  • written to capture interest: get to the point straightaway by putting your key messages at the top of the page with your key words and phrases in the first two paragraphs
  • able to back up with evidence any claims it makes: provide evidence to demonstrate the truth of what you claim, rather than just making bold statements
  • uses words that website users are looking for: so search engine robots will index them and your target users will find them