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Study information

Pathology and Image Interpretation 2

Module titlePathology and Image Interpretation 2
Module codePAM3019
Academic year2024/5
Module staff

Dr Chris Hayre (Convenor)

Mrs Niamh Gale (Convenor)

Duration: Term123
Duration: Weeks


Number students taking module (anticipated)


Module description

This module builds on PAM1019 Anatomy and Physiology for Radiographers and PAM2014 Pathology and Image Interpretation 1. A variety of learning methods are used to provide you with the opportunity to extend your knowledge of pathology and further develop your image interpretation skills to include the axial skeleton.

Module aims - intentions of the module

This module aims to further develop your knowledge and understanding of pathological processes and image interpretation. You will learn to research diseases, which you may be unfamiliar with and gain understanding of the role of imaging in diagnosis. In preparation for your first clinical role as a qualified radiographer, you will consolidate your decision making and preliminary clinical evaluation (PCE) skills in line with The Society and College of Radiographers 2013 policy for Image Interpretation and Reporting.

Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs)

ILO: Module-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 1. Describe altered states of anatomy and pathophysiology in the human body
  • 2. Explain the basic principles of medical and sociological care in health, disease and trauma
  • 3. Identify and describe normal and abnormal appearances of the axial and appendicular skeleton
  • 4. Explain the implications for imaging patients suffering disease and trauma

ILO: Discipline-specific skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 5. Explore the patient experience of living with disease and undergoing imaging
  • 6. Use appropriate sources of information to develop own knowledge;

ILO: Personal and key skills

On successfully completing the module you will be able to...

  • 7. Manage time and, with limited guidance, prioritise workloads;
  • 8. Demonstrate problem-solving skills;

Syllabus plan

Whilst the module’s precise content may vary from year to year, an example of an overall structure is as follows:

  • Revision of normal anatomy and common anatomical variants:  
  • Revision of axial skeleton: joints, associated musculature and other tissues. 
  • Revision of thorax and abdomen: principal internal organs.
  • Disease and trauma, particularly as demonstrated on diagnostic images; Gastro-intestinal, Hepatobiliary, Urinary, Reproductive, Endocrine, Respiratory, Cardio-vascular systems, Suspected physical abuse (SPA), Axial skeleton image interpretation.
  • Identification and description of common abnormalities; Appendicular skeleton, Axial skeleton
  • Practical exercises in image interpretation   
  • Patient care considerations in disease and trauma
  • Patient care pathways    
  • Imaging implications of disease and trauma
  • Service user experiences

Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad

Details of learning activities and teaching methods

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled learning and teaching activities35Lectures, Scenarios, Case Studies
Scheduled learning and teaching activities25Practical work, Flipped classrooms
Guided independent study240Reading, private study and revision

Formative assessment

Form of assessmentSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Workshops2 hours5Verbal based on participation
9 x Image Interpretation Tests9 x 1 hour3Self-assessed

Summative assessment (% of credit)

CourseworkWritten examsPractical exams

Details of summative assessment

Form of assessment% of creditSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Pathology Examination (seen)502 hours1,2,4, 6-8iExeter and ELE
Image Interpretation Examination502 hours3, 6-8iExeter and ELE

Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)

Original form of assessmentForm of re-assessmentILOs re-assessedTimescale for re-assessment
Pathology Examination (seen) (50 %) 2 hoursPathology Examination (seen)1,2,4, 6-8August assessment period
Image Interpretation Examination (50% ) 2 hours Image Interpretation Examination3, 6-8August assessment period

Re-assessment notes

Please refer to the TQA section on Referral/Deferral:

Indicative learning resources - Basic reading

Key Reference Texts:

  • Chan,O. 3rd edition (2013) ABC of Emergency Radiology. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 9781118495193 (e-book) or 9780470670934
  • Eisenberg R.L. and Johnson N.M. (2016), Comprehensive Radiographic Pathology (6th edition), Mosby, ISBN 9780323353243
  • Keats, T and Anderson, M.  2012.  Atlas of Normal Roentgen Variants that may Simulate Disease.  9th ed.  Elsevier.  ISBN: 9780323073554
  • Kumar,P & Clark,M. 9th Edition (2017) Clinical Medicine. Elsevier Saunders. ISBN 9780702066016 (pbk.)  
  • Raby N. (2014), Accident and Emergency Radiology - A Survival Guide (3rd edition), Saunders Ltd, ISBN 9780702042324
  • Begg, J. D.  2006.  Abdominal X-Rays Made Easy.  2nd ed.  Churchill Livingstone.  ISBN: 9780443102578
  • Corne, J. and Kumaran, M.  2015.  Chest X-Ray Made Easy.  4th ed.  Elsevier.  ISBN: 9780702054990
  • de Lacey, G., Morley, S. and Berman, L.  2008.  The Chest X-Ray: A Survival Guide.  Saunders Ltd.  ISBN: 9780702030468
  • Tortora G.J. and Derrickson B. (2017), Principles of Anatomy and Physiology (15th edition), John Wiley, ISBN 9781119382928

Indicative learning resources - Web based and electronic resources

ELE – College to provide hyperlink to appropriate pages

Web based and electronic resources:

E-Learning for Health

Norwich Image Interpretation Course

Indicative learning resources - Other resources

  • Berman L, de Lacey G, Twomey E, Twomey B, Welch T, Eban R. (1985) Reducing errors in the accident department: a simple method using radiographers. BMJ; 290: 421–2.
  • Brealey S. (2001) Quality assurance in radiographic reporting: a proposed framework. Radiography. Nov 30;7(4):263-70
  • Health & Care Professions Council. Standards of Proficiency – Radiographers. Available at
  • Kowalczyk N. and Mace J.D. (2017), Radiographic Pathology for Technologists (7th edition), Mosby, ISBN 9780323675765
  • The Royal College of Radiologists. Clinical Examinations-FRCR. (2016). Available at
  • Royal College of Radiologists and Society and College of Radiographers (2017), The radiological investigation of suspected physical abuse in children, Society and College of Radiographers, Ref No. BFCR(17)4
  • Society and College of Radiographers (2013), Preliminary Clinical Evaluation and Clinical Reporting by Radiographers: Policy and Practice Guidance, Society and College of Radiographers, ISBN  978-1-906225-36-0
  • Wright,C. & Reeves,P. (2016) Radbench: Developing Image Interpretation Skills. Radiography. P1-6 . http://
  • Wright,C. & Reeves,P. (2017) Image Interpretation Performance: A Longitudinal Study from Novice to Professional. Radiography. Volume 23, Issue 1, February 2017, e1–e7,

Key words search

Medical Imaging; Pathology; Diseases; Trauma; Image Interpretation; Anatomy; Suspected Physical Abuse

Credit value30
Module ECTS


Module pre-requisites

PAM1019 + PAM2014

Module co-requisites


NQF level (module)


Available as distance learning?


Origin date


Last revision date